Was your child born prematurely? If so, they are one of the “preemies” born before the eighth month of pregnancy. If you notice that they’re weak at birth, don’t worry too much. They need medical follow-up to help them develop like other children.
What Are Preemies?
The label “preemie” applies to your newborn if they were born before the eighth month of pregnancy.
In this case, their weight is below the normal average.
The doctor may inform you that their basic bodily systems—like their respiratory, digestive, immune, and thermoregulatory systems—haven’t finished developing.
Because they don’t feel warm easily, they’ll spend their first days or weeks in an incubator. They’ll be bundled up and wearing a hat to avoid loss in body temperature.
At this stage, they can’t nurse like other newborns. Babies born before 33 weeks can’t suck and swallow and must be given milk with a feeding tube.
Your premature baby may find it difficult to breathe, especially if they were born before 36 weeks. This is because the tissues that keep the alveoli in their lungs open have not finished developing.
Do you know why they have been isolated in a sterile place? Because their body does not yet have enough immunity to fight off diseases.
If your child was born prematurely, they will need medical observation for a period ranging from a few days to several months. They will be cared for based on their needs.
This will take place in a special area of the hospital set aside for dealing with their condition.
You may be called upon to help take care of them, in which case you can caress them and talk to them.
This also means that you will be able to feed them directly—either via breastfeeding or another method, depending on their abilities.
In their first year after they leave the hospital, they can get the necessary vaccines like other children, but they may need more complex medical care if they were born before 33 weeks.
It is important to have required tests done for them regularly. These will determine the health of their nervous system, senses, and motor skills.